BMI (Body Mass Index)

BMI stands for Body Mass Index which is the measurement that uses your height and weight to determine whether you are of a healthy weight, or not…

For most adults a healthy BMI will be in the 18.5 to 24.9 range.

If you are less than 18.5 then you are officially underweight according to you weight and height measurements.
If you are more than 24.9 then you are officially overweight according to you weight and height measurements.

CLICK HERE or visit the BMI Calculator tab and calculate your results to find out your BMI.


Your stool and your body

Not the nicest of topics, but it is quite a valuable one when it come to your body and health.

You can tell a lot about you diet via you faeces (Poo).
What goes in must come out and all of that however how it goes in is very different to how it comes out and this tells us a lot about what is going on inside us.

There are many different types that come out ranging from shape and size to the colour of your stool.

The picture below shows the Bristol Stool Chart and this shows in what ways what we eat can exit our bodies as faeces.

Picture source: Wikipedia, licensed under the Creative Commons [LINK]
(1) – Several separate hard lumps which can be rough and hard to get out. These lumps as they are rough can cause very slight cuts in your anal lining which can be quite painful when passing more stool as I once found out myself.
This can cause some bleeding at times, but a cream can be given by the doctor which needs to be applied internally via you can guess where.
This type of poo is usually cause by low fibre in the diet or post anti-biotic treatment.

(2) – Sausage shaped and lumpy stools are caused by (1) clumping and sticking together. 
Usually occur when the person is not going to pass faeces as regular as normal leading to a build-up in the bowl and intestine. This can cause constipation if not relieved regularly.
These stools can be quite big at times which make it even more likely to cause cuts in the anal lining and can also cause haemorrhoidal prolapse or diverticulosis.
People with stool like this usually suppers from irritable bowl syndrome (IBS) caused by the continued pressure exerted on the intestinal walls.
Adding more fibre to your diet can be bad if your stool is like this as it will have nowhere to go. This added fibre could lead to hernia, obstruction, or in severe cases perforation.
Its best just to try and pass this stool whenever you feel you can and not let it get to this stage again after by providing your body with the fibre you would have realised it needs.

(3) – This stool is similar to (2) however not as large due to the more easy passing.
It is not as bumpy or lumpy but does have a cracked appearance which suggest lack of moisture being held in the stool so irritable bowl syndrome (IBS) and  is likely in this stool but not as likely as (2), pleasing to hear, right?

(4) – Sausage or snake-like, smooth and soft this stool is more easy to pass and is usually the stool of somebody who empties their bowel on a daily basis so is quite healthy compare to (1, 2 and 3).
This stool is from having a ok amount of fibre in the diet.

(5) – This soft stool with clear-cut edges that are passed easy is pretty much the idea stool to have meaning this stool brings no complications when emptying your bowels.

(6) – This fluffy with ragged edge soft and lumpy stool can be a pain as its verging on diarrhoea, (7).
Not runny like (7) it passes rather easy but wiping can sometimes be a pain to do depending on the stage it is at before (7).
This happens usually due to a overactive Bowel, too much potassium in your diet, sudden dehydration or spike in blood pressure related to stress.
Both sudden dehydration and a spike in blood pressure cause the rapid release of water and potassium from blood plasma into the intestinal cavity.

(7) – This as you may have guessed is diarrhoea. A sloppy unpleasing type of stool that I don’t really think should be classed as stool as there is no bulk to its mass.
During and illness this can happen as the bacteria levels are down that help the stool form and become moist. Due to this the stool can become dry in the small intestine causing constipation of the small intestine.
Fluids are not absorbed at this point so have nowhere else to go but carry on its journey through the intestines flushing small particles and faeces left in the intestine into the bowel filling the bowl with watery faecal fluid, also known as diarrhoea.
This will eventually rectify itself, just be sure to keep hydrated as the body is not absorbing it at this time properly.

I use the following definitions:

Types 1, 2 and 3 = hard or impacted stools
Type 4 and 5 = normal or optimal
Type 6 = loose stool, subnormal or suboptimal
Type 7 = diarrhoea


10 A Day

10 A Day

According to new guidelines as posted in the Guardian News scientist are now saying that 5 a day is good for you, but 10 is better.

I think everybody knows fruit and vegetables are good for you and needed in your diet as they do contain a lot of vital vitamins and other nourishment.

I don’t know why they didn’t just say 10 a day initially because as far as I’m aware most people don’t even eat 5 a day, maybe saying 10 a day initially would have gave it more value and virtually highlighted the importance of fruit and vegetable.

You could say it would have been like a little scare, but scares do seem to work.

Try not to worry

Why worry?

You must have heard of the saying “Happiness is the best medicine“.

This saying came about because it was believed that when you are happy you feel a lot better, which includes being in less pain, not feeling as ill and not getting ill as frequently.

Later it was discovered that simply doing things that you enjoy boosts your immune system is boosted by such as laughing, relaxing, football and treating your brain to a bit of gaming therapy.
I find first person shooters and racing games the best, but I guess if you r into Yahtzee and Monopoly that will work too.  

This immune system boost occurs because it was discovered that when you participate in or even watch things you enjoy your body releases the chemicals endorphins, dopamine, serotonin and oxytocin.

Theses chemicals are feel-good and pain relieving chemicals.

Which brings me back to the old saying “Happiness is the best medicine”.

True story:

My partner recently had a minor health worry so I advised him to go to the doctors just to get a check-up.

He said “Ok I’m going to go to the walk-in centre in the morning.”

Later that evening we was chatting before he went to sleep and he said he was “S******g himself”.

I gave him some advise as the picture below will explain.

The human body has amazing capabilities and it is amazing what it can do if we put our minds to it. Just look at the Shaolin and the Tibetan monks for example they can achieve and do amazing things and its because they believe and get their mind into a great place.

So please trust in you body and its capability as I do mine and try not to worry.

Bicep Tin-Curl

Bicep Tin-Curls

This is as basic as it sounds to be totally honest and works a treat if you have no dumbbells (weights attached to a single bar used for single hand bicep curls).

This exercise is a strength training exercise mainly for the bicep.

Picture (1) shows this in more detail and the muscles used to perform a bicep curl.


if you don’t own any dumbbells they can be purchased relatively cheap from many places as with the pull-up bar.

If you do not want to purchase any of these for this strength training exercise then that is fine as your home is most likely filled with things you can curl.
For example tinned food products (2)…
Obviously keep the tins full and sealed or things will get messy.


You can curl 1 tin in each arm for a very easy toning workout or you can bag a bunch up making sure both are equal in weight for optimal equal workout on each arm because you don’t want to end up like this guy (3):
Clearly Photoshopped however still a funny picture.

This gay has got the hang of it…


Press-Ups (Push-Ups)

Press-Ups (Push-Ups)

Lets clear one thing up so everybody understands:

Press-up is usually used by the English and push-up is generally used by Americans, however they still mean the same thing.

This is a great strength building exercise great for building the endurance of the muscles shown in (1).
It is a very common exercise even practiced by infants who copy their parents actions.

The drawing image of the muscles below (1) used in this strength training exercise shows which muscles are used which include many of the same muscles as are used to do a pull-up.

Muscles such as the pectorals, trapezius, deltoids and the serratus anterior among others are used during this exercise.
There are many variations of the press-up, the image (2) below being one of them.

I will be posting more variations of this exercise soon. 

The press-up being demonstrated in stages is called a Hindu press-up for example.
The motion of this press-up is as much up and down as it is round and round, picture the motion of a piston within a car engine.

When performing a press-up try to keep your posture as good and straight as possible so it can support itself and deter from strain.

Pull-Ups at Home

Pull-Ups at Home

Pull-ups at home can be achieved in many ways and are a great form of strength training for many muscles.
The the lats, biceps, triceps, pectorals and muscles surrounding the shoulder are the main groups.
 The drawing below demonstrates in more detail which muscles are actually used when performing a pull-up.

If you do not have a pull-up bar (as shown below) already you can purchase them quite cheap so they are worth the little investment.
However you do not need to spend money when there are alternate ways of still performing the pull-up at home as the guy in the picture below is doing. He is holding onto his door however you can hang from your door frame if you grip strength is strong enough.

Be sure to bend your knees overlapping your legs during the action of a pull-up as shown in picture (1).
This helps to stabilise you pull-up restricting the amount of wobble which in turn makes the pull up feel that bit easier.